Dr. Christopher Zitnay, Endocrinologist from Martha Jefferson Hospital, explains that Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.
We are seeing that more people are eating more all the time. Portion size is out of control. Type II Diabetes is preventable through diet and exercise, and can be treated with medication. People who have been diagnosed should visit their Doctor’s regularly. They should have an annual diabetic eye exam, feet checked, kidney screening, flu shots and cholesterol checks.