October 10. 2011
In this week's What's Going Around we have an alert for pregnant women. Nausea and vomiting may not only be a sign of morning sickness. It could also be one of the many symptoms of gestational diabetes.
This week we're checking in with nurse Barbara Martin of the Martha Jefferson Hospital diabetes education center and she's says gestational diabetes is impacting 2 to 10% of pregnant women right now.
Often times there are no symptoms of gestational diabetes. However, when there are they include fatigue, increased urination, increased thirst, weight loss with increased appetite, nausea and vomiting, frequent infections, and blurred vision.
These symptoms usually go away after delivery, since it's the placental hormones that cause insulin resistance.
You're more likely to get gestational diabetes if you're over 25, have a family history of diabetes, or high blood pressure or are African American, Hispanic, American Indian, Asian, or pacific islander.
When it comes to treating gestational diabetes Martin suggests eating a healthy diet. Fix foods high in fiber and control carbohydrates. Exercise like swimming or walking also helps, but don't add any new strenuous activities. You can also manage gestational diabetes with medication like insulin and monitoring your glucose.
When it comes to preventing gestational diabetes you can start with losing weight prior to pregnancy if you're overweight. Also, be as healthy as you can before getting pregnant.
Something else to point out, women who have had gestational diabetes and their baby are more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
To minimize that, eat healthy, exercise and attain and maintain an ideal body weight. That's what's going around.